Impact of belt and road initiative on supply chain resilience and sustainability in the agri-food industry

Nikola Zivlak1 and Nicolas Quilfen2
1 Emlyon business school, 69130, Ecully, France
2 Air Liquide, Dubai, UAE

Abstract

Zivlak, N. & Quilfen, N. (2024). Impact of belt and road initiative on supply chain resilience and sustainability in the agri-food industry. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 30(2), 211–218

The Agri-food Supply Chain (AFSC) is characterized by overriding risks due to globalized and fragmented chains. Operations also lack consideration of sustainability and in particular environmental sustainability due to the threats posed by AFSC to resource availability and global warming. However, there is an obvious growing awareness to incorporate more sustainability and resilience into AFSC to keep up with the issues and challenges ahead. To move towards this, BRI seems to be a project that could have a notable impact. Many projects planned by BRI should affect all stages of the AFSC to improve the capacity of stakeholders. Through the quantitative and qualitative improvement of the factors of producers and infrastructure, the benefits seem to be considerable for the AFSC. The findings of the analysis of BRI’s impact of AFSC sustainability and resilience, for the time being, are quite mixed. BRI’s consideration of sustainability seems to be quite low while its impact on resilience is much more positive. The vision of this megaproject, however, requires a long-term analysis to determine whether the short-term costs will be offset in the long run.

Keywords: Belt and Road Initiative; Agri-food supply chain; Resilience; Sustainability; Food security

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