Effects of rainfall on selected soil physico-chemical properties of marginal soil cultivated with MD2 pineapple crop

Hasmah Mohidin1, Mohd Yazid Mohd Anas Khan2, Azlina Narawi2, Khairul Fikri Tamrin4,  Azilawati Banchit5, Rosmiyati Hasni6, Radziah Jack7, Syahira Jos8 and Sulaiman Man9
1 Natural Product Research Development Centre (NPRDC), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

2 Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia [ORCID 0000-0003-0152-3121]
3 Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan 2 Campus 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia [ORCID 0000-0003-0571-3264]
4 Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia [ORCID 0000-0003-2180-9610]
5 Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia [ORCID 0000-0002-9086-0690]
6 Natural Product Research Development Centre (NPRDC), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia [ORCID 0000-0003-1343-8821]
7 Soil Management Division, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak, Jalan Badaruddin, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
8 Natural Product Research Development Centre (NPRDC), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Melaka Branch, Jasin Campus 77300 Merlimau, Melaka, Malaysia [ORCID 0000-0002-7842-8344]

9 Natural Product Research Development Centre (NPRDC), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sarawak Branch, Samarahan Campus 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

Abstract

Mohidin, H., Khan, M. Y. M. A., Narawi, A., Tamrin, K. F., Banchit, A., Hasani, R., Jack, R., Jos, S. & Man, S. (2024). Effects of rainfall on selected soil physico-chemical properties of marginal soil cultivated with MD2 pineapple crop. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 30(1), 43–52

This study assessed the effects of rainfall on soil physico-chemical properties (pH, moisture, temperature, Nitrogen value, Phosphorus value and Potassium value) of MD2 pineapple cultivation on marginal soil, and also investigated correlation between rainfall and soil physico-chemical properties based on IoT-based monitoring. Agromon Smart Agriculture and NPK Sensors (Agromon) that is equipped with a Sigfox-based wireless transmitter was used to provide real-time marginal soil properties data from an experimental MD2 pineapple field plot in UiTM Sarawak. Rainfall data between March and July 2021 for Samarahan Rainfall Station were obtained from Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Sarawak (DID). Soil properties data were transmitted from field plot gateway to the nearest Sigfox base station in Santubong, and subsequently to SATU dashboard server in order to be accessible to all users. Agromon demonstrated the capability of IoT system in monitoring selected soil properties across favored and unfavored weather conditions. Pineapple farmers can make timely and cost-effective farm operation decision anywhere to optimize plant vigor and therefore, improve yield.

Keywords: IoT; soil nutrient; soil pH; soil temperature; soil moisture; rainfall; leaching

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