The economic potential of honeycomb from wild bees

Mochammad Junus
Brawijaya University, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Malang, 65145 Indonesia


Junus, M. (2019). The economic potential of honeycomb from wild bees. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25(4), 762–767

This study was carried out in the village of Kayoman, Wonorejo District, Pasuruan Regency, Indonesia. The aim of the study was to develop colony management and to prepare for the main honey harvesting in order to obtain optimum broods. The results indicated that the cumulative size of the S1 brood combs was different from those of S2. There were no significant differences between presence (P1) of five brood combs (S1) and (S2), but P1 (S1) is different from P2 (S1) and absence (P2) of three brood combs (S2). The relative size of the S2 was different from the S1. The results also indicated that the cumulative brood quality was depended on the number of brood combs, and the quality of S1 was different from S2. Brood comb size was depended on the number of brood combs and the use of a queen excluder. Brood comb quality depended on the age of the queen and the number of brood combs. In order to increase colony honey production during the blossoming season, keepers should maintain bees at a maximum age of three months (R3), the number of brood combs should not exceed three, and a queen excluder should be used. A bee colony management system should be based on the above findings.

Keywords: brood; farmer; honey pollen; number of combs; queen bee age; queen excluder
List of abbreviation: SE: standard error; cm: centimetre; p: probability; P: queen excluder in brood comb (k = 1, 2); P1: present; P2: absent; qe: queen excluder; R: age of queen bee (i = 1, 2, 3); R1: bees age 11-12 months; R2: bees age 6-7 months; R3: bees age 2-3 months; S: brood comb (j = 1, 2, 3); S1: five brood combs; S2: three brood combs; SE: brood combs; SK: unoccupied combs; Y: obtained data; ε: experimental error (m = 1, 2, 3 for all i, j, and k); μ: general average

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