New Solution – Cultivation and Storage of Soft Fruits and Vegetables In Chambers of the “Containers” Type with Positive Temperatures (Container Skyscraper, Mumbai, India)

Civil Engineering Higher School „Liyuben Karavelov“, BG -1373, Sofia, Bulgaria


Aleksandrov, Y., 2018.  New solution – cultivation and storage of soft fruits and vegetables in chambers of the “containers” type with positive temperatures (Container Skyscraper, Mumbai, India). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 24 (2): 326–334

Two types of containers have been used in the construction of a skyscraper. The first type is intended for inhabitation. Each home consists of three containers, situated on one floor or of six containers, situated on two floors. Along the height of the building two residential floors are followed by one or two floors, made of the second type of containers, which represent refrigeration chambers, used for cultivation and storage of soft fruits and vegetables. Each chamber is divided in two parts. The first part of the chambers is used for cultivation of soft fruit and vegetables, whereas the second part represents a storage space with positive temperature (2-12°С). This storage space meets the specific technical requirements, including an inert gas medium, if the latter is a prerequisite for the storage of fruits and vegetables.
The positive temperature is achieved by the direct penetration of sunrays in the first part of each chambers as well as the solar system for water heating with at least two circulation pumps.
There are two circulation outlines – first, which include a solar energy collector, situated inside the transparent fibers of the “cobweb” structure on the south façade of the skyscraper, whereas the second outline is formed by the hollow transparent elements 11, 12, 13 of the chambers intended for cultivation and storage of soft fruits and vegetables. In both the first and the second outline, the heat-carrier is set in motion by their own circulation pumps.

Key words: cultivation; storage; soft fruits; vegetables; chambers; containers; positive temperatures; skyscraper

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