Comparison of the Effects of Intramuscular and Intraosseal Administration of Detomidine/ Ketamine Combination for General Anaesthesia in Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)*

1 University of Kafkas, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kars, Turkey
2 University of Kafkas, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kars, Turkey


YAYLA, S., N. N. KAMILOGLU, A. KAMILOGLU, I. OZAYDIN and C. S. ERMUTLU, 2015. Comparison of the effects of intramuscular and intraosseal administration of detomidine/ ketamine combination for general anaesthesia in quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 21: 220-224

The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of anesthesia and heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and cloacal temperature (CT) with the administration of the detomidine/ ketamine combination via intraosseous (IO) route and to compare this method with an intramuscular (IM) route in quails. Two groups in each have ten quails (n=10) were selected. Group I received 1.0 mg/kg detomidine-20 mg/kg ketamine IM, and Group II received the same dose via IO. Some hemodynamic parameters were monitorized. A statistically significant difference (p<0.001) was determined between the groups about the onset of anaesthesia in which Group I was on 5±0.87 minutes and Group II was on 15±2.94 seconds. There were no statistically significant difference between the groups about the duration of anaesthesia that found to be 29.40±8.55 minutes in Group I and 24.30±3.05 minutes in Group II. Statistically significant differences were not found between the Groups in terms of HR, RR and CT. The use of both the IM and the IO detomidine/ketamine was resulted in successful anaesthesia. However, it was concluded that intraosseous drug administration provided faster and effective anaesthesia and may be practical and functional for the birds requiring urgent surgical intervention.

Key words: detomidine, ketamine, intramuscular, intraosseous, quail

*This study was presented in an oral reporttothe 14th National Veterinary Surgery Congress. (pp. 87-88, 23-26 October 2014, Antalya, Turkey).

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