I. TSVETKOV, T. DZHAMBAZOVA, V. KONDAKOVA and R. BATCHVAROVA
Agrobioinstitute, BG - 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria
TSVETKOV, I., T. DZHAMBAZOVA, V. KONDAKOVA and R. BATCHVAROVA, 2014. Mycorrhizal fungi Glomus spp. and Trichoderma spp. in viticulture (review). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 20: 849-855
Mycorrhizal fungi’s Glomus spp. and Trichoderma spp. are natural components of the healthy vineyard soils. They have the ability to improve nutrition and root resistance to attack by pathogens, and contribute positively to soil structure and stability. Implementation of practices that favors their propagation should be important aspects of viticulture management. Mycorrhizal inoculations of grapevines are proposed as a biotechnological alternative of conventional systems to manage soil sickness problem and to maintain improved grapevine plant growth and health. The conducted studies in this review showed the beneficial effects of mycorrhizal fungi Glomus spp. and Trichoderma spp. on grapevine growth/health status, plant nutrient uptake and soil fertility, as well on vineyard ecology in general.