A Statistical Approach for Estimating Wheat Yield Using Bootstrap Resampling for Rain-Fed Farming: A Case study of Kurdistan Province, Iran

1 Hormozgan University, Dept. of Range and Watershed Management Engineering, Bandar Abbass, Iran
2 Tarbiat Modares University, Dept. of Geography, Tehran, Iran
3 University of Tehran, Dept. of Physical Geography, Tehran, Iran
4 Kharazmi University, Dept. of Geography, Tehran, Iran


KHOORANI, A., M. FARAJZADEH, S. BAZGEER and P. ZEAEIAN, 2014. A statistical approach for estimating wheat yield using bootstrap resampling for rain-fed farming: a case study of Kurdistan province, Iran. Bulg. J.Agric. Sci., 20: 267-274


For the purpose of modeling and predicting rainfed wheat (Triticum aestivum) yield in Kurdistan province, Iran, five weather parameters, as well as three agrometeorological indices were used, as independent variables in linear regression models during 1991-2003. The independent variables were extracted for different phenological phases during the plant-growing season from sowing to harvest. Backward regression models were used to model rain-fed wheat yield and sensitivity analysis was carried out on the models. On the basis of choosing the best models for each district and Kurdistan province (in the north west of Iran), the bootstrap resampling method was run on them. Both above-mentioned models were validated for 2003-2006 years data by estimating the rain-fed wheat yield. The results show that using bootstrap resampling method for modeling and estimating the crop yield increases the interior accuracy (increasing r, multiple correlation coefficient, from 0.84 to 0.98, and decreasing SEOE , standard error of estimate, from 166 to 47 kg/ha) of the models.

Key words: bootstrap, rain-fed wheat, yield estimation, regression models
Abbreviations: GDD: Growing Degree Days; HTU: Heliothermal Units; PTU: Photothermal Units; WVPD: Water Vapor Pressure Deficit; TD: Temperature Differences; NDVI: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index; IRIMO: I.R. of Iran Meteorological Organization; PET: Mean Evapotranspiration Potential; R: Total amount of precipitation for each phenological stages (mm); Rday: Number of days with precipitation (> 0.1 mm) for each phenological stage; FFabs(max): Maximal velocity of wind (daily averages (m.s-1)) for each phenological stages; T, Tmax, Tmin, and Tb: Average, Maximum, Minimum, and base daily temperature (°C); ESS: Early Seedling Stage; FSAV: The First Stage of Active Vegetative before dormancy stage; DS: Dormancy Stage; SSAV: The Second Stage of Active Vegetative after dormancy stage; RS: Reproductive Stage; MS: Maturity Stage; EG S: Entire Growing Season; SAVRS: Start of second stage of Active Vegetative after dormancy to the end of Reproductive Stage; AAE: The mean Amount of Absolute Error; r: Multiple Correlation Coefficient; SEOE: Standard Error of Estimate; ea and es = actual and saturated water vapor pressure (millibar)

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