Economic Effects of Optimization in Fruit Growing Using Linear Programming

University of Business Academy, Faculty of Economy and Engineering Management, Novi Sad, Serbia


BABOVIC, J. and I. RADOVIC, 2014. Economic effects of optimization in fruit growing using linear programming. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 20: 42-45


During our work, we optimized raising plantations in the area of fruit growing by the method of linear programming. Optimization was performed in five fruit species, as follows: apples, pears, plums, sour cherries and cherries. Goal function is to maximize gross profit. When planting on 120 hectares, the optimal solution of the structure of plantation is as follows: 39.92 hectares of apples, 2.03 hectares of pears, 58.47 hectares of plums, 16.4 hectares of sour cherries and 1.65 hectares of cherries. Cost function for planting 117.4 hectares provides a gross profit of 30 939.8 thousand RSD, or with the correction of the planting program, 31 740 thousand RSD for 2.53 hectares. The largest gross profit is achieved by planting apples, plums and sour cherries, which is in line with the market demand.

Key words: linear programming, optimization, fruit plantations, gross profit maximization

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