Determining the Resource Use Efficiency in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production: A Case Study of Edirne Province – Turkey

Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, Tayfur Sokmen Kampusu, 31400, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey


SEMERCI, A., 2013. Determining the resource use efficiency in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production: A case study of Edirne Province – Turkey. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 19: 314-324


In this research, it is aimed to determine physical production inputs, which are used for wheat production, made in rain fed conditions in agricultural enterprises in Edirne, located in European Continent, Turkey, and to determine the resource use efficiency of previously mentioned activity. The data, used in this research were obtained from 90 agricultural enterprises in Edirne in 18 settlements, which have been marked through “Multi Stratified Random Sampling Method” by the means of questionnaire. In the enterprises analyzed, it was determined that in wheat production 21.70 kg seed, 55.32 kg chemical fertilizer and 87.31 cc pesticide were required for the yield about 405.64 kg da-1. Determination coefficient equation (R2), acquired by using Cobb-Douglas type production function, is 0.965 and because of functional analysis, there is an increasing return to scale (Σβi = 1.119). All of the variables in production equation are significant at 5% level and their elasticity coefficients have positive valence. In the end of the research, it is proved that land value and pesticide factors are used actively in wheat production. However, for higher yield, an increase in the quantity of seed and fertilizer is required.

Key words: Wheat, input use, Cobb-Douglas production function, efficiency, Turkey

See the article as a PDF.