Effects on Silage Quality and Aerobic Stability of Different Compaction Levels in Sunflower Silage

F. TORUK1 and F. KOC2
1 Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, Farm Machinery Department, Tekirdag, Turkey
2 Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, Department of Animal Science, Tekirdag, Turkey


TORUK, F. and F. KOC, 2009. Effects on silage quality and aerobic stability of different compaction levels in sunflower silage. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 15: 269-275

In this study, the effects of different compaction levels on the silage quality and aerobic stability of sunflower silage harvested at the beginning (BFS) and end of the flowering (EFS) stages were investigated. Four compaction applications (no compaction (NC), compaction with 150 kPa (C1), 248 kPa (C2) and 498 kPa (C3)) were done in the study. Each treatment was ensiled for 50 days in PVC type’s silos with three replications. Temperature variations were recorded with 5 days interval after opening the silos to detect the aerobic stability of the treatments. It was observed that compaction levels had significant effect on some quality criteria of the BFS and EFS stages. Statistically significant differences were found among the values of pH, DM, NH3-N, NH3-N/TN, WSC, NDF and ADF in BFS stage against all parameters expect NDF and ADF in EFS stage. Silage characteristics were affected positive increasing compaction levels. Different compaction levels after the opening did not considerable effects on the aerobic stability.

Key words: sunflower silage, compaction level, silage quality, aerobic stability

Abbreviations: BFS-beginning of the flowering stage; EFS-end of the flowering stage; NC-No compaction treatment; C1-compaction with 150 kPa; C2-compaction with 248 kPa; C3-compaction with 498 kPa; CP-crude protein; DM-dry matter; EE-ether extract; NH3-N-concentration of ammonia-nitrogen; NH3-N/TN-total nitrogen; WSC-water-soluble carbohydrates; NDF-neutral detergent fiber; ADF-detergent fiber; ADL-acid detergent lignin; AA-acetic acid; LA-lactic acid; BA-butric acid

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