Fruit Characterization and Influence of Variation Factors in Pepper Kapiya Type Varieties and Breeding Lines (Capsicum annuum L.)

Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute, BG - 4003 Plovdiv, Bulgaria


TODOROVA, V., 2007. Fruit characterization and influence of variation factors in pepper kapiya type varieties and breeding lines (Capsicum annuum L.). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 13: 309-315

Six varieties and ten breeding lines from Kapiya type were evaluated by some morphological fruit characters at the Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute – Plovdiv during the period 2002 – 2004. The sources of variation – genotype, environment and interaction between them had a proven effect (P < 0.001) on the phenotypic expression of the five studied characters, describing the fruit, but the power of the influence is different. The combination of high yield with high biological value and attractive fruit appearance makes 669/02 line especially suitable for including in future hybridization programs. It was established that the variation of fruit diameter is the lowest while the one of the usable part is the highest

Key words: pepper, kapiya type, quantitative fruit characters, influence, variation

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