Variety of Species and Spread of Fungi of Genus Fusarium Related to Rotting of Garlic

Institute for Plant Protection, BG-2230 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria


KOLEVA, K., 2004. Variety of species and spread of fungi of genus Fusarium related to rotting of garlic. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 10: 177–180

The symptoms of fusarious rotting of garlic during vegetation and preservation have been studied. The infected plants are shorter, the bulbs – undersized, the leaves become yellow and the plants die. Brown spots, most often covered with mycelium, appear on garlic cloves while preserving garlic. The following species have been identified as fusarious rotting agents during vegetation: Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht, Fusarium moniliforme Scheldon, Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. and Fusarium graminearum (Schwabe), and during preservation – Fusarium culmorum (W.G. Smith) Sacc. and Fusarium oxysporum.

Key words: garlic, rotting, symptoms, preservation, mycelium