Fatty Acid Composition of Milk from Bulgarian Murrah Buffalo Cows

Agricultural Institute, BG-9700 Shumen, Bulgaria


TZANKOVA, M. and K. DIMOV, 2003. Fatty acid composition of milk from Bulgarian Murrah buffalo cows. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 9: 397–400

A study on the fatty acid composition of milk fat of buffalo cows from the approbated Bulgarian Murrah was carried out. It was established that saturated fatty acids (72.25 mol%) predominated in buffalo milk and unsaturated fatty acids were 27.75 mol%. Of saturated fatty acids, the content of palmitic acid was highest – 34.62 mol% followed by of myristic acid – 14.90 mol%. Of the unsaturated fatty acids the content of oleic acid was highest – 23.30 mol%. There were not any significant differences in the fatty acid composition in autumn, winter and spring. The fatty acids synthesized mainly in the udder reached highest level in winter and the fatty acids of feed origin had highest level in spring.

Key words: buffalo cows, breed, milk, fatty acids, season