Nature, Evolution and Efficiency of Farm Structures in Yugoslavia


University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics, Subotica, Yugoslavia


KRMPOTIC, T., D. PETKOVIC and G. MUSANIC, 1999. Nature, evolution and efficiency of farm structures in Yugoslavia. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 5:353-359

Not long before agricultural reforms in Yugoslavia were introduced, the ownership proportion between private farms and social estates numerically expressed was 70 : 30%.
After the recent agricultural reforms a part of the land was taken from social estates and returned to private owners. By this action, no new farm structures appeared in Yugoslavia and both social and private agricultural farms continued to exist in parallel. Only the proportion between the private and the social sector was changed from 70 : 30% to 87 : 13%. These reforms were introduced in order to increase the productivity in agriculture because the state was under rigorous international sanctions. Agricultural experts in Yugoslavia believe that the introduction of new farm structures eventually placed between the social and private sector can only slow down the process of transition from state or social estates into a highly productive private sector.
This paper uses contrasting methods but the basic method among them is a comparative analysis which primarly deals with the different views of agricultural producers and creators of agricultural policy.
The aim of this paper is to research the efficiency of all forms of land ownership in practice and to suggest possible solutions. The results of this research will also point out the harmful and wasteful treatment of agriculture in comparision to other industries. We conclude with the premise that it is imperative to change the agricultural policy to give agriculture an opportunity to develop.

Key words: state property, social property, private property, efficiency, transition, Yugoslavia

1 Prof. dr Toma Krmpotic, Prof. dr Djerdji Petkovic, Prof. Grgur Musanic, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics in Subotica, 24000 Subotica, 9 Put Moše Pijade, Yugoslavia