Structural Changes in Bulgarian Agriculture
IVAN KANCHEV and JULIA DOICHINOVA*
University for National and World Economy, Department of Agribusiness, BG – 1100 Sofia, Bulgaria
KANCHEV, I. and J. DOICHINOVA, 1999. Structural changes in Bulgarian agriculture. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 5:247-253
The purpose of the present paper is the analysis and evaluation of the specificity and the basic problems of Bulgarian organizational structural reform in the agriculture. It would further show tendencies and indicate proposals for improvement of the adaptivity and competitiveness of the newly formed organizations.
The basic content of the organisational restructuring of agriculture is the transition from one-sided developed state collective forms of management to different private family and collective producing structures. The working of that process is slow, unsteady, with big regional differences, but there could be seen three stages of the structural reforms* till the end of the old collective structures liquidation; * till the acknowledgement the property right of the agricultural lands of every land owner in the given region, and; * till the assuming possession of the entitled to.
The paper focuses on the main economic agents in Bulgarian agriculture – private farms and production cooperatives. On the basis of distribution and trends of organizational structural reform it is conclusing that there are two type of private farms – enormous number of subsistence production farms (lesser than 1 ha) and 242 th. commercial farms. Production cooperatives are the dominant form of collective units.
The acceleration of the organizational structural reform requires improvement of the legal basis for effective governmental intrusion and creating preferential conditions for branch's functioning. The paper shows alternatives for achieving the objective.
Key words: Bulgarian agriculture, structural changes, structural reforms, cooperatives