University of Forestry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 1797 Sofia, Bulgaria
Pepovich, R. (2020). Enzootic pneumonia of pigs – diagnostic notes (review). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 26 (5),1062–1068
The main purpose of this review is to analyze the methods used to diagnose the enzootic pneumonia which is one of the most significant and widespread respiratory infections in swine. This is a necessary condition so that adequate and timely measures for prevention and control of the disease can be identified. The benefits include decreasing economic losses in industrial pig farming. Discovering M. hyopneumoniae as a respiratory disease can be disappointing, as it isn’t always connected with the development of symptoms. The diagnosis of enzootic pneumonia requires a complex approach, i.e. combining clinical symptoms and lung lesions with results from various laboratory analyses. Depending of the stage which the disease has reached, and the type of probes analyzed, various clinical tests can be applied. Those tests are typically sensitive and specific and can be used for accurate diagnosis.