Dawid Olewnicki1, Lilianna Jabłońska1, Hanna Dudek2
1 Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Section of Horticultural Economics, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
2 Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Department of Econometrics and Statistics, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Olewnicki, D., Jabłońska, L., & Dudek, H. (2019). The demand for ornamental plants in Poland after its integration into the EU: a quantitative approach. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25(5), 932–943
The importance of ornamental plants in human life is increasing along with the growth of industrialisation and urbanisation as well as the enrichment of societies. The consumption of these plants is increasing and accompanied by the systematic development of their production worldwide. In Poland, after political transformation and upon entering the path of economic development after 1990, there was also an increase in demand for ornamental plants. In light of further development of the floriculture sector, it is important to identify the changes in the level of demand for such floricultural products in Poland in the long term.
Central Statistical Office (CSO) data was applied so that the dynamics of both spending on gardening products for the home and garden (2006-2013), including floriculture products (2013-2015) and the disposable income of Polish households could thus be analysed. Later on, the dependence of these expenditures upon income was studied with linear and power functions. The analyses demonstrated that a high and strong income level determined the demand for such gardening products, including ornamental plants. Demand is unmet, and ornamental plants belong to the luxury goods sector, even within the group of people with a very high income (elasticity factor > 1).