Lebedyn cattle breed genetic pool genesis and new types and breeds developed on its base

Y. Sklyarenko1, O. Metlitska2, V. Ladyka1, I. Ivankova1
1 Sumy National Agrarian University, 40000 Sumy, Ukraine
2 Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M.V. Zubets of National Academy of Agrarian Science of Ukraine, 08321 Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract

Sklyarenko, Y., Metlitska, O., Ladyka, V. & Ivankova, I. (2018). Lebedyn cattle breed genetic pool genesis and new types and breeds developed on its base. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 24(6), 1114–1122

The selection and economic characteristics of layer of brown and black and white dairy cattle are studied in Sumy region of Ukraine. Based on the analysis of micro populations of Ukrainian breeds, it was found that there is a low level of genetic diversity in the presence of differences between them. The results revealed that there is low rates of genetic polymorph ability and heterozygosity, especially in animals of Sumy interbreed type of Ukrainian black and white dairy cattle, Ukrainian black and white dairy cattle breed and Lebedyn cattle, this threatens to loss of genetic diversity, loss in unique alleles and increase in inbreeding of next generations. Relying on the study results, the measures to preserve the Lebedyn breed in Sumy region are proposed.

Keywords: dairy cattle; genetic diversity; gene pool; Schwyz breed; Lebedyn breed

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