Short Communicattion

First Report of Root and Lower Stem Rot Caused by Drechslera sorokiniana on Einkorn in Bulgaria

IVO T. YANASHKOV; TZENKO D. VATCHEV
Agricultural Academy, Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnologies and Plant Protection (ISSAPP), BG -1331 Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

Yanashkov, I. T. and T. D. Vatchev, 2017. First report of root and lower stem rot caused by Drechslera sorokinianaon einkorn in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 23 (4): 594–595

In July 2014, severe root and stem base rot was observed on einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.) crops grown commercially in the region of Slivnitsa (Western part of Bulgaria). Drechslera spp. isolates were readily obtained from all examined plants with disease symptoms as well as from symptomless root tissues and einkorn stubble. All obtained isolates were identifi ed as Drechslera sorokiniana (Sacc.) Subram. and Jain (syn. Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoemaker) by microscopic observation of their morphological characteristics and showed additionally identical characteristics to known isolate of D. Sorokinianapreviously obtained from diseased wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants. Pathogenicity of all D. sorokiniana isolates was confi rmed both in in vitro tests on germinating einkorn wheat seeds and in pot experiments with growing einkorn plants. Previously, the pathogen has been largely established on various cereal crops in Bulgaria. To the best of our knowledge, this is the fi rst report of D. sorokiniana as a pathogen on root and lower stem plant parts of einkorn wheat in Bulgaria.

Key words: stem rot; einkorn wheat; stubble, root tissues

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