ABDEL RAHMAN AL-TAWAHA1; MUNIR AZIZ TURK2; YOUSEF M. ABU-ZAITOON1; SALEEM HMOUD ALADAILEH1; IBRAHIM MOHAMMAD AL-RAWASHDEH1; SULAIMAN ALNAIMAT; ABDEL RAZZAQ MOHAMMAD AL-TAWAHA3; MOHAMMAD H. ALU’DATT2; MOHAMMAD WEDYAN4
1 Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Department of Biological Sciences, Maan, P.O. Box 20, Jordan
2 Jordan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid, Jordan
3 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Crop Science, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4 The Hashemite University, Biological Sciences and Biotechnology Department, 330127, Jordan
Al-Tawaha, A. R., M. A. Turk, Y. M. Abu-Zaitoon, S. H. Aladaileh, I. M. Al-Rawashdeh, S. Alnaimat, A. R. M. Al-Tawaha, M. H. Alu’datt and M. Wedyan, 2017. Plants adaptation to drought environment. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 23 (3): 381–388
Plant growth and productivity are adversely affected by drought. The sound of shortage of water on growth, yield and yield quality has been well deliberated in plants. In most cases growth, yield and yield quality are diminished under drought environments. There are four major strategic categories that represent the plant adaptation to desert, which include; lack waterescaping plants, lack water-evading plants, lack water-enduring plants and lack water-resisting plants. On the other hand, several controlling policies have been projected to compact with drought stress which including selection of crops and varieties, tillage and water conservation, moisture conservation through tephra covers, planting date, seed priming, nutrient management and water harvesting technique.