Milk Fat Free Fatty Acids in Dependence on Health of Dairy Cows

O. HANUŠ1, M. KLIMEŠOVA1 , P. ROUBAL1 , E. SAMKOVA2 , D. FALTA3 , M. ŠLACHTA2 , L. HASOŇOVA2 and I. NĚMEČKOVA1
1 Dairy Research Institute Ltd., 160 00 Prague 6 – Vokovice, Czech Republic
2 University of South Bohemia České Budějovice, Faculty of Agriculture, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
3 Mendel´s University in Brno, 613 00 Brno, Department of Animal Rearing and Breeding, Agronomical Faculty, Czech Republic

Abstract

HANUŠ, O., M. KLIMEŠOVA, P. ROUBAL, E. SAMKOVA, D. FALTA, M. ŠLACHTA, L. HASOŇOVA and I. NĚMEČKOVA, 2016. Milk fat free fatty acids in dependence on health of dairy cows. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 22: 796–803

Free fatty acids (FFAs) in fat are important indicator of raw milk quality. The aim was to analyse the relationships and quantify effects of dairy cow mastitis on FFAs. Individual milk samples (IMSs; n 307) came form Holstein and Czech Fleckvieh cows (67 : 33%). Sampling was from 10 to 270 days in milk for 1 year. Cows were fed in stables (n 5) by total mixed ration. Herd lactation milk yield varied from 7000 to 10 000 kg. Milking was performed twice a day using pipeline milking equipment and in milking parlours (20 : 80%). IMSs were classifi ed into 3 groups according to somatic cell count (SCC): A ≤ 150, healthy; B from 800 to 1500, subclinical mastitis; C > 1500 103.ml–1, subclinical and clinical mastitis. Lactose (L) decreased with growing intensity of mammary gland secretion disorder from 4.90 ± 0.278 (A) to 4.49 ± 0.44% (C; P < 0.001). The values increased in the same direction: content of FFAs from 0.65 ± 0.209 to 1.44 ± 0.379 mmol.100g–1 (P < 0.001); milk energy quotients fat/protein (F/P) from 0.88 ± 0.386 to 1.23 ± 0.335 (P < 0.001) and fat/lactose (F/L) from 0.63 ± 0.266 to 1.98 ± 0.309 (P < 0.001). The mastitis state (SCC) deteriorated milk quality by increase of FFAs, 0.703 (P < 0.001; by 121.5%) and reduced L, –0.522 (P < 0.001). 49.4% of FFA variability could be explained by SCC variations. Increased SCC by 1000 103.ml–1 increased FFAs by 0.433 mmol.100g–1. The L decrease due to worse mastitis state or cow energy malnutrition increased FFAs, –0.312 (P < 0.001). A risk increase of ketosis coeffi cients (F/P and F/L) deteriorated milk quality by increase of FFAs, 0.395 and 0.443 (P < 0.001) where 0.1 is equal to 0.05 and 0.067 mmol.100 g–1. Values of FFAs can serve to control the health of dairy cows and quality of IMSs in regular milk recording.

Key words: raw cow milk quality; mastitis; somatic cell count; lactose; ketosis quotient
Abbreviations: C – casein; CA – citric acid; CSN – Czech standard; F – fat; FFAs – free fatty acids; IMSs – individual milk samples; IR – infrared; L – lactose monohydrate; MFP – milk freezing point depression; MI – milk indicator; MIR–FT – infrared spectrometry with Fourier´s transformation; P – crude protein; PT – profi ciency testing; SCC – somatic cell count; SNF – solids non fat; U – urea

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