М. BANOV1, A. ATANASSOV2, K. FARTZOV2 and A. IVANOV3
1 Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnologies and Plant Protection “Nikola Puskarov”, BG-1080 Sofi a, Bulgaria
2 Joint Genomic Center, BG-1164 Sofi a, Bulgaria
3 Agricultural University, BG-4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
BANOV, М., A. ATANASSOV, K. FARTZOV and A. IVANOV, 2016. Soil-climate characteristics during cultivation of grape cultivar Mavrud. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 22: 368–373
The most important factors for growing grape and for wine production are soil and climate.
The presented material considered soil and climatic characteristics of the territory of a particular vineyard. Growing grape variety is „Mavrud”.
Subject to the soil and climate characteristics is agricultural land – plot ЕКАТЕ № 58058, cadastral № 01001, 01002 01003, 01004, village Pravishte, municipality Saedinenie, located in the Loziata neighborhood, vegetated with vines „Mavrud”.
The data for climate characteristics show, that the area is suitable for growing grape and for wine production.
The soil research at the investigated region was made on the basis of archive data and fi eld and on site research. Samples were taken on site. Those samples were then analyzed regarding the following parameters: distribution of the mechanical fractions; contents of organic matter (humus); medium reaction (рН in water solution); general phosphorus; general potassium; carbonates (CaCO3).
A soil survey was carried out in order to determine the soil cover in the Pravishte village. The results of the soil research show that the subject area falls into one soil type – Leached Vertisols.
A morphological description has been made, physico-chemical properties are determined and a summary of the above mentioned soil type is prepared.