H. YILMAZ1, M. GÜL2, O. PARLAKAY3 and D. B. BUDAK4
1 Directorate of Agricultural Research Institute of East Mediterranean, Adana, Turkey
2 Süleyman Demirel University, Agriculture Faculty, Department of Agricultural Economics, Isparta, Turkey
3 Mustafa Kemal University, Agriculture Faculty, Department of Agricultural Economics, Hatay, Turkey
2 Cukurova University, Agriculture Faculty, Department of Agricultural Economics, Adana, Turkey
Yilmaz, H., M. Gül, O. Parlakay and D. B. Budak, 2016. Evaluation of multi-dimensional effects on the ecology of goat farming in Turkey: the case of Adana province. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 22 (Suppl. 1): 47–52
Goats are inseparable part of Mediterranean ecosystem determined by flora, land conditions and climatic conditions. The effects of goat grazing on ecology have not been studied for a long time. But the existing of positive or negative effects of goat grazing on ecology has been debated. The determination of effects of goat farming on ecology from aspects of different institutions is the aim of this study. Also the strengths and weaknesses of goat farming, the threats and opportunities were revealed via SWOT Analysis method. For obtaining data, survey method was used. Among the people interviewed 71.11% expressed opinion that goats are not a threat for ecology, and 28.89% had view that goats are a threat. When looking from institutions’ aspect, 92.31% of people from Environment Engineering, 73.53% of people from Environment and Forests Directorate of the City, 65.52% of people from Agricultural Faculty and 57.14% of people from Municipality expressed that goats are not a threat for ecology. Considering this result, almost half of municipality employees expressed that goat farming is a threat for ecology. Almost all of the people we interviewed from Department of Environment Engineering expressed that the goat is not a threat for ecology. The most important result which we can deduce about goat farming from the study is that the goat farmers must be trained how to choose consciously where to let the goats graze in order to minimize the negative effects on ecology.