Phytoplankton Composition of Vaya Lake (2004–2006)

R. DIMITROVA1, E. NENOVA2, B. UZUNOV1, M. SHISHINIOVA2 and M. STOYNEVA1
1 Sofia University”St. Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of Biology, Department of Botany, BG – 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria
2 Sofia University”St. Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of Biology, Department of Zoology and Anthropology, BG – 1164 Sofia,Bulgaria

Abstract

DIMITROVA, R., E. NENOVA, B. UZUNOV, M. SHISHINIOVA and M. STOYNEVA, 2014. Phytoplankton composition of Vaya Lake (2004–2006). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., Supplement 1: 165–172

 

Vaya (= Burgas Lake), is the biggest natural lake in Bulgaria and the shallowest Black Sea Costal lake. With regard of its origin, Vaya is a liman and recently it is mixooligohaline with fl uctuating halinity due to a siltated channel connection with the Black Sea. The lake is located on the ‘Via Pontica’ ornithological migratory route and is important for the conservation of rare and endangered species of national, European and global signifi cance. The lake is a Ramsar site, a Protected area and Natura 2000 site, included as critically endangered in the Red List of Bulgarian Wetlands.During the last decades Vaya has undergone signifi cant changes due to different anthropogenic factors, which disturb the water balance of the lake and lead to introduction of biogenic elements in the wetland with a negative effect on the chemical composition of the water with impacts on the fl ora and fauna of the aquatic ecosystem.The phytoplankton studies, represented in this work, have been conducted during the summer and autumn months of three consecutive years – 2004–2006. A rich species composition has been established – 165 species, 8 varieties and 1 form of 80 genera from 8 divisions. The green algae (Chlorophyta and Streptophyta) are characterized by the biggest number of taxa (89), followed by the blue-green algae (Cyanoprokaryota – 51), among which the tropical toxic invasive species Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, was detected for the fi rst time in Vaya lake. Most of the species have low frequency quotients and only three can be pointed as widely distributed during the studied period (Planktothrix agardhii, Pseudanabaena limnetica, Scenedesmus acuminatus). On the basis of data from the same periods of close preceding years, a comparison is made between the algal fl ora of Vaya and other Black Sea coastal wetlands – Shabla, Ezerets and Dourankoulak. In all of them, 30 common taxa have been registered. A comparison has been done also between the obtained data on the recent taxonomic composition and former data on lake algal fl ora of other authors. The results show the general negative trend in the development of Vaya wetland with increase eutrophication.

Key words: coastal wetlands, phytoplankton, anthropogenic impact, cyanoprokaryotes, green algae, invasive species

 

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