M. CRESCIMANNO1 and A. GALATI2
1 Università degli Studi di Palermo, Department of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy
2 Università degli Studi di Palermo, Department of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy
CRESCIMANNO, M. and A. GALATI, 2014. Competitiveness of Italian wines in the international market. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 20: 12-22
In the last few years the wine market has been affected by a deep structural transformation due to the entry in the world productive scenario of new competitors and for changing of the demand not only at geographical level but also for more and more orientation of consumers towards the quality wines. This transformation has involved even the Italian wine sector, that takes in the international wine scenario a significant importance, both in terms of supply and of the weight on the world wine export. Recently, the Italian sector showed a remarkable ability front to the world economic and financial crisis thanks to its ability to satisfy a diversified demand oriented toward the quality wines productions, more and more requested by the Italian and foreign consumers.
The competitiveness analysis of Italian wine in the main partner countries, compared to the agri-food products, shows different scenario depending on the wine categories considered. In general results reveal an increasing competitiveness in some markets, such as Asiatic, East or North European countries, which do not have a viticulture tradition and where the acknowledgement of the health characteristics of wine and of the product as an expression of an Italian lifestyle are strategic factors for the success of Italian wine. Contextually, emerges a disadvantage in traditional markets (France) and in new producing markets (USA). In this context is necessary to consider the peculiarities of each market that differ in terms of dimension, culture, purchasing power, through the adoption of focused strategies.