Integrated Assessment of the Mycoparasitic and Phytostimulating Properties of Trichoderma Strains against Rhizoctonia solani

I. ERPER1, M. TURKKAN2, L. ATANASOVA3, I. S. DRUZHININA3, G. H. KARACA4 and M. CEBI-KILICOGLU5
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139 Samsun, Turkey
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ordu University, 52200 Ordu, Turkey
3 Research Division of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Microbiology Group, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vienna University of Technology, A-1060 Vienna, Austria
4 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Suleyman Demirel University, 32260 Isparta, Turkey
5 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, Ondokuz Mayıs University, 55139 Samsun, Turkey

Abstract

ERPER, I., M. TURKKAN, L. ATANASOVA, I. S. DRUZHININA, G. H. KARACA and M. CEBI-KILICOGLU, 2013. Integrated assessment of the mycoparasitic and phytostimulating properties of Trichoderma strains against Rhizoctonia solani. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 19: 737-743

 

In this work, biocontrol efficacy of the two Trichoderma harzianum sensu stricto and Trichoderma atroviride (teleomorph: Hypocrea atroviridis) isolates against root rot disease agent Rhizoctonia solani (teleomorph Thanatephorus cucumeris) and related biostimulation effect on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) were investigated. Efficacy of the agents was compared with commercially available products; T-22 Planter-Box [Trichoderma harzianum Rifai Irk KRL-AG2 WP], Trichoflow [Trichoderma harzianum FL], Sim Derma [Trichoderma harzianum KU EN 1585] and fungicide Thiram 80% WP. Consequently, Trichoderma harzianum sensu stricto 10.T.TR.7 was found to be the most effective isolate that decreased the disease severity caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG 4 HG-I about 65%, by comparison with the other treatments in the study. Moreover, this isolate also stimulated the growth of bean plants by increasing seedling height, root length and root weight by 11.3%, 37.5% and 94.4%,
respectively. T. atroviride isolate was not so effective in preventing root rot disease of beans, while it caused 26.7% increase in plant fresh weight. Neither commercially available biocontrole products, nor fungicide treatment significantly decreased root rot caused by R. solani.

Key words: Biocontrol, Hypocrea, phytostimulation, root rot, Rhizoctonia solani, Trichoderma spp.

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