The Salinity Effect on Morphology and Pigments Content in Three Paulownia Clones Grown ex vitro

K. MILADINOVA1, K. IVANOVA2, T. GEORGIEVA1, M. GENEVA3 and Y. MARKOVSKA
1 Biotree, 8 Iliensko shoes str., BG – 1220 Sofia, Bulgaria
2 Sofia University, Faculty of Biology, BG – 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria
3 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, BG – 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

MILADINOVA, K., K. IVANOVA, T. GEORGIEVA, M. GENEVA and Y. MARKOVSKA, 2013. The salinity effect on morphology and pigments content in three Paulownia clones grown ex vitro. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., Supplement 2, 19: 52–56

 

We evaluated the effect of salt stress on growth parameters, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids content in Paulownia clones (P. elongata x fortunei x elongata – T2, P. elongata x elongata – T4, P. elongata x kawakarnii – EK) grew as hydroponic culture at three levels of salinity, 50 mmol.l–1, 100 mmol.l–1, 200 mmol.l–1 sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The root and stem length, as well as leaf number and total leaf area of T2 clone were reduced insignificantly in comparison with these of T4 and EK clones during NaCl treatment. Control of T2 clone was characterized with approximately twice higher total dry mass per plant than EK and T4 clones. The root dry mass to shoot dry mass ratios of three clones changed in a different manner with increasing salinity levels and was highest in EK clone at 200 mmol.l–1 NaCl,  followed by T4 and T2. The total leaf area showed the capability of a plant in forming of photosynthetic surface and was reduced more in T4 and EK clones under salt stress. Our results suggest that T2 clone was more tolerant to salt stress than EK and T4 clones.

Key words: hydroponic, morphology, Paulownia, pigments, salinity
Abbreviations: Chlorophyll a – chl a; chlorophyll b – chl b, carotenoids – car

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