V. PESIC1, R. DJORDJEVIC2, E. KADHUM3, P. JANKOVIC4 and D. MISIC5
1 University of Belgrade, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Belgrade, Serbia
2 Institute for Vegetable Crops Ltd., Smederevska Palanka, Serbia
3 Agricultural Academy, BG - 1373 Sofia, Bulgaria
4 University of Nis, Department for Production, IT and Management, Nis, Serbia
5 Sanitary Medical School of Applied Sciences Visan, Belgrade, Serbia
PESIC, V., R. DJORDJEVIC, E. KADHUM, P. JANKOVIC and D. MISIC, 2013. Influence of the afila gene on grain yield in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 19: 186-193
The aim was to investigate the possibility of introducing leafless or semi-leafless features from afila cultivar “Filigreen” in early, mid-early and late pea cultivars. F1 and F2 generations were grown together in a single nursery during year 2006. F1 plants with normal leaves were obtained thus proving that afila is a recessive characteristic. The total of 1490 F2 plants segregated with 2.93 plants with normal leaves to 1.07 with afila leaves. Chi-square test confirmed monohybrid model of inheritance 3:1. Afila plants with differing maturity dates were obtained. The best recombination’s, in terms of grain yield per plant, were obtained by crossing “Filigreen” x “Maja” (early cultivar), “Filigreen” x “Oskar” (mid-early cultivar) and “Filigreen” x “Zelena dolina” (late cultivar). Grain yield of F2 afila plants was reduced by 6-18% in relation to grain yield of normal plants (depending on parents, combinations). Grain yield was reduced, in average, by 10% for afila plants compared to normal (leafy) plants in the F2 for all possible crosses.