Wheat Production Using Direct Seeding, Reduced Tillage and Conventional Tillage in Middle Anatolia

T. MARAKOGLU and K. CARMAN
Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Machinery, University of Selcuk, 42031 Konya, Turkey

Abstract

MARAKOGLU, T. and K. CARMAN, 2012. Wheat production using direct seeding, reduced tillage and conventional tillage in Middle Anatolia. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 18: 789-793

The objective of this study was to examine wheat production using direct seeding, reduced tillage and conventional tillage in Middle Anatolia during the years of 2006-2007 and 2007-2008. In the experiment, two tillages and the direct seeding were used. All tillage methods and the direct seeding were applied in the dry farming conditions. The effect of treatments on mean emergence dates, percentage of emerged seedling, fuel consumptions and wheat yield were measured. From the data, powerrequirement and field efficiency of each method were calculated. The highest fuel consumption was measured in the conventional method as 46.1 l ha-1 whereas the lowest value was found in the direct seeding method as 10.7 l ha-1. Fuel consumption of the conventional method required four times more fuel than the direct seeding method. The best result for wheat yield was found in the direct seeding as 3388.9 kg ha-1 in 2008. The lowest wheat yield was found in the conventional method as 2290 kg ha-1 in 2007. The direct seeding gives the best result for fuel consumption, effective power requirement, field efficiency and wheat yield. In the dry farming condition, the direct seeding methods can be proposed for wheat production in the Middle Anatolia.

Key words: direct seeding; tillage system; wheat; fuel consumption

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