Elemental Analysis of Different Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) Cultivars by Using Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (WDXRF)

H. C. KAYMAK1, I. GUVENC2 and A. GUROL3

1 Atatürk University, Department of Horticulture, Agriculture Faculty, 25240, Erzurum, Turkey
2 Erciyes University, Safiye Cikrikcioglu Vocational College, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey
3 Atatürk University, Department of Physics, Science and Art Faculty, 25240, Erzurum, Turkey

Abstract

KAYMAK, H. C., I. GUVENC and A. GUROL, 2010. Elemental analysis of different radish (Raphanus sativus L.) Cultivars by using wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (WDXRF). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 769-774

The aim of this work is to study the applicability of a quantitative WDXRF (Wavelength-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence) method, for determination of minerals in radish specimens. In this study, we have quantitatively and semi-quantitatively analysed the four different radish (Raphanus sativus L.) cultivars (cvs. ‘Siyah’, ‘Beyaz’, ‘Antep’ and ‘Iri-Kirimizi’). We have found that major elements; namely N and K; a few minor elements; Na, Mg, P, S, and Ca, and a lot of trace elements; Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Al, Ti, Cr, Br, Rb, Sr, Sn, Ba and La. The obtained trace element concentrations range from 0.01 to 3.24 mg per 100 g. This rapid method has been found to be a reliable technique for analyzing the mineral content in radish. At the end of this work, it was clearly said that Wavelengthdispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (WDXRF) could be used for the analysis of mineral contents of
radish and other vegetables.

Key words: Elemental analysis, radish, Raphanus sativus L., Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

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