Status and Development Tendencies of Freshwater Aquaculture Production in Bulgaria

L. HADJINIKOLOVA, T. HUBENOVA and A. ZAIKOV
Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture, BG-4003 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Abstract

HADJINIKOLOVA, L., T. HUBENOVA and A. ZAIKOV, 2010. Status and development tendencies of freshwater aquaculture production in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 398-405

The present article surveys the status and the tendencies in the development of the freshwater aquaculture in Bulgaria under the conditions of market economy, and specific attention is paid to the structure and the type compound of the cultivated water organisms, the present state of the production, their actual price for realization, as well as the consumption of fish. Bulgaria possesses a comparatively rich water fund of about 70 000 ha, which accompanied by the climatic conditions in the country creates good conditions for aquaculture development.The main objects for cultivation are the carp (Cyprinus carpio) and the trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), having in mind that the herbivorous fish species, like silver carp (Hipophthalmichthys molitrix), bighead carp (Aristhichthys nobilis) and grass carp (Ctenopharingodon idella). With good perspectives for increasing the production capacities are the Acipensaridae, the European wels (Silurus glanis) and the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctastus). Fish consumption per capita is 4.6 kg, which ranks Bulgaria among countries with low fish consumption.

Key words: aquaculture, status, Bulgaria

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