Ultrasonography-aided Anatomical Investigation of the Heart and Some Pelvic Organs

D. VLADOVA and M. STEFANOV
Trakia University, Department of Animal Morphology, Physiology and Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, BG - 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

Abstract

VLADOVA, D. and M. STEFANOV, 2010. Ultrasonography-aided anatomical investigation of the heart and some pelvic organs. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 99-104

Echography or ultrasonography is commonly utilized in imaging anatomy and diagnostics of internal diseases; Echography has enhanced the process of diagnostics, increased the options for morphological and functional evaluation of organs, has replaced other techniques of examination and allowed the performance of diagnostic and therapeutic manipulations under real-time ultrasound-guided control. The ultrasonographic images depict the cross sectional anatomy of a given anatomical area or organ. Echocardiography is a technique using ultrasound for examination of the heart and the large blood vessels. The identification of cardiac structures and other organs is important for achieving a general picture, localization of a specific process and deviations from the normal image of the organ. Ultrasonography is a non-invasive technique for visualization of benign and malignant lesions of accessory sex glands in both animals and men. The early detection of abnormalities of prostate and bulbourethral glands in cats is essential for the normal reproduction in this carnivore species.

Key words: ultrasonography, imaging anatomy, thorax, pelvis, cat

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