Incidence of African Swine Fever (ASF) Disease and its Associated Implications on Pig Production in Lagos State, Nigeria

J. O. SAKA1, A. O. K. ADESEHINWA1 and M. K. AJALA2
1 Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo University, P.M.B. 5029, Moor Plantation, Ibadan Nigeria
2 National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Zaria, Nigeria

Abstract

SAKA, J. O., A. O. K. ADESEHINWA and M. K. AJALA, 2010. Incidence of African swine fever (ASF) disease and its associated implications on pig production in Lagos state, Nigeria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 80-90

Recent outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) disease of pig had threatened pig production in Nigeria in the midst of hitherto growing importance in urban and peri-urban pig farming. Using data collected from a survey of 247 pig farms selected by multi-stage sampling technique in Lagos State where the disease had been reported, this study revealed that the disease ravaged about 88% of the farms with mortality rate estimated as 79.2% of the initial stock size with animals killed across different age categories. Estimated monetary value of the loss was estimated as N485, 853.91. The incidence of the disease has resulted in total close down of about 83% of the pig farms who have not restocked their farm after the epidemic. The cultural practices of the farmers centered round sharing of labourers, implements and means of transportation for inputs and animals while foundation stock are sourced from neigbouring farms. All these were perceived as significant contributors to the spread of the disease in the area. There is thus the need for adequate sensitization of farmers on integrated methods for preventing the reoccurrence of the disease.

Key words: pig production, African swine fever, pig farmers, livestock disease, Nigeria

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