Environmental Pollution Resulting from Olive Oil Production

A. AL-KHATIB1, F. AQRA1, M. AL-JABARI1, N. YAGHI1, S. BASHEER2, I. SABBAH2, B. AL-HAYEK3 AND M. MOSA3
1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Hebron University, P.O. Box, 40, Hebron, West Bank, Palestine
2 R&D Center, the Galilee Society, P.O. BOX 437, Shefa-Amr 20200, Israel
3 Royal Scientific Society, P.O.Box 1438, Al-Jubaiha 11941, Amman, Jordan

Abstract

AL-KHATIB, A., F. AQRA, M. AL-JABARI, N. YAGHI, S. BASHEER, I. SABBAH, B. AL-HAYEK and M. MOSA, 2009. Environmental pollution resulting from olive oil production. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 15: 544-551

The level of environmental impact of olive oil production in Palestine is evaluated. The evaluation method is based on conducting a local survey; after designing a questionnaire covering the basic aspects that includes oil production yield, water consumptions in olive washing and in oil recovery, wastewater generation relative to olive processed and oil generated, and solid waste generation. The data were collected from 92 local olive oil mills, which were analyzed and organized according to the investigated parameters, and categorized according to local selected areas in the West Bank such as Hebron (South) , Nablus (middle) and Jenine (North). The results reveal local variations in most of the investigated parameters due to variations in the type of olive produced. The south olives are found to contain larger solid content than those in the north, resulting in lower oil yield and higher solid generation per ton of olive produced.

Key words: olives, olive oil, oil yield, solid waste, water consumption, wastewater

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