Effect of Different Ratios of Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) - Triticale (Triticosecale Whatt) Mixtures on Forage Yields and Quality in Cukurova Plain in Turkey

C. YUCEL and M. AVCI
Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute, Adana, Turkey

Abstract

YUCEL, C. and M. AVCI, 2009. Effect of different ratios of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) - triticale (Triticosecale Whatt) mixtures on forage yields and quality in Cukurova plain in Turkey. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 15: 324-333

To investigate the introduction of vetch/triticale forage mixtures in the winter season of Mediterranean-type environments, the study was carried out, in 2004/05, 2006/07 and 2007/08 at the Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute, Adana/TURKEY. In this study common vetch (V), triticale (T), and their mixtures were seeded as ratios ranged from 10% to 90 %.
According to the average of three years result, the highest crude protein yields were recorded as 1383.8 and 1339.3 kg ha-1 from V90%+T10% and V80%+T20% mixtures respectively. Research findings showed that more crude protein yield was obtained from the 80-90 percent vetch rate. On account of protein rate and yield, the vetch-triticale composition containing 90-80 % vetch should be preferred to obtain high quality forage. In case of requirement of the forage containing high energy, the mixture containing higher triticale ratio could be preferred.

Key words: common vetch, triticale, mixture, dry matter yield, forage quality

Abbreviations: ADF, acid detergent fiber; CP, crude protein; DDM, digestibly dry matter; DMY, dry matter yield; DMI, dry matter intake; NDF, neutral detergent fiber; DDMR, Digestibility Dry Matter Ratio

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