B. M. MATANMI and G. B. ADESIJI
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
MATANMI, B. M. and G. B. ADESIJI, 2009. Comparison of use of improved agricultural practices by contact and non-contact farmers in Kwara state, Nigeria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 15: 146-153
The study compared the use of improve agricultural practices between the contact and non-contact farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. A three-stage sampling technique was used in the selection of 189 contact and 163 non-contact farmers for the study. The data was analyzed with the use of simple descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages. The findings showed that majority of contact (93.2%) and non- contact (95.7%) farmers were males and also 98.9% contact farmers and 100.0% non-contact farmers were married. The results further revealed that more than half (58.3%) of the contact farmers and non- contact farmers (52.6%) were between 45 and 60 years percentage of the contact farmers that have no formal education is smaller (39.8%) than non-contact farmers (64.0%). The result showed that 22 improved agricultural practices have been introduced into the state before the study was carried out. These were categorized into seven based practices. The study further showed that contact farmers used more of the improved agricultural practices than non-contact farmers and there were significant differences in their use of these improved agricultural practices except in fisheries. It was therefore recommended that the contact farmer approach to agricultural information dissemination should continue. However, there is the need to periodically re-evaluate the performance of the contact farmers and make the needed changes or replacement of those who are not performing to expectations. Also an agricultural extension policy that adhere strictly to the criteria for the selection of contact farmers laid down by the Kwara Agricultural Development Project (ADP) should be followed strictly.