Chemical Effect of Reclaimed Water on Soil and Carnation Tissue, Planted in Soil and Tuff Media

MAHMOUD I. SAFI, ABDELNABI FARDOUS, MOHAMMED MUDDABER, SAID EL-ZURAIQI, LUNA AL-HADIDI, and IBRAHIM BASHABSHEH
Water Management and Environment Research Program. National Center for Agricultural Researches and Technology Transfer "NCARTT", Jordan

Abstract

SAFI, MAHMOUD I., ABDELNABI FARDOUS., MOHAMMED MUDDABER., SAID EL-ZURAIQI., LUNA AL-HADIDI and IBRAHIM BASHABSHEH, 2006. Chemical effect of reclaimed water on soil and carnation tissue, planted in soil and tuff media. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci, 12: 559-569

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of three irrigation regimes of low quality water, the effluent of reclaimed wastewater from Ramtha treating plant on soil, drained water and chemical composition in plant tissue of three carnation cultivars 'Voyore, Diana, and Chad' for two successive years, 2003 and 2004 in two planting media, soil and Zeotuff.
Ca reached intermediate concentrations, K, Mg and Na were highly accumulated, P showed low levels, in both soil depths. Mn, Cu, and Zn showed no accumulation in the soil, while Fe reached high levels in both years of irrigation in the two depths. High salinity build up was observed from the three irrigation treatments in tuff drained water than in the soil, when planted with carnations regardless of cultivar. Both EC and SAR reached a steady status throughout the second year 2004 in both media. According to the optimum nutrient levels in tissue reported by the literature, the only macro and micro element accumulation was recorded for Mg in the tissue of the carnations regardless of cultivar in tuff medium during both years and Fe in both media during the first year only, regardless of water treatment.

Key words: carnation; salinity; (RW) reclaimed water