History,Achievements and Trends in Breeding of Vegetable Crops and Potatoes

Y. TODOROV
"Maritsa" Institute for Vegetable Crops, BG - 4003 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Abstract

TODOROV, Y., 2005. History, achievements and trends in breeding of vegetable crops and potatoes. Bulg. J. Agric.Sci., 11: 445-458

The Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute celebrates 75th anniversary. It is famous breeding and technological center in Bulgaria. As a result of hard breeding work more then 300 cultivars and F1 hybrids have been created and wide spread through the country. Some of them, because of their valuable characters were exploited in foreign countries production: pepper - Kurtovska kapiya, Kalinkov, Zlaten medal, Buketen; tomato - No 10x Bizon, Plovdivski, Triumph; leek - Starozagorski or in breeding programs of many abroad institutions. The main achievements and trends are represented in breeding of vegetable crops and potatoes. The knowledge for methods of breeding, heterosis, male sterility, pollen fertility, disease resistance, variability and inheritance of basic characters is enriched. Some priorities in breeding programmes nowadays and in the next years are marked.

Key words: history, breeding, achievements, trends, cultivators, vegetable crops, potatoes