University of Forestry, Faculty of Veterinarey Medicine, BG-1756 Sofia, Bulgaria
This hypothesis is a continuation of the previously published article on the possibility of the existence of bioelectric field in some animal species (Kostov, Y., R. Holland. Bioelectric field of wild animals (a hypothesis). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 5, 982-983, 1999).
The present article is an attempt to reveal the essence of this phenomenon and make a suggestion about the sector of electromagnetic vibrations, transmitted by the organism.
Origin and generation. Biofield in animals is generated by the nerve-muscle groups, located in the head and body areas. The foundation of biofield is in the ion processes of biopotential generation via the mechanisms of Na+ K+ AT Phase and the ions of Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca++, H+ and ATP energy, etc.
Field modulation. The sector of biofield emanation will depend on the ion composition and this suggests the existence of two options. The first option is the emanation to be in the sector between long X-ray and ultraviolet rays and the second - in the zone close to the infrared emanation. The emanation depends on many factors but the concentration of extracellular Na+, Ca++, etc. ions, grouped between the muscle fibers and their membranes, is of prevailing importance.
Bioelectric field reception. The energy, emanated by a single mammal, is received by another organism by encapsulated or free nerve endings of receptors in the head and body skin. They could as well be the well-known receptors of cold and warm, pressure and pain but with a different stimulatory threshold.