Saturn 1 – A New Durum Wheat Variety in Bulgaria

St. M. TSVETKOV1, K. St. TSVETKOV1, I. PETROVA2, I. VASSILEVA3, L. BELCHEVA2 and I. ILIEV1
1 Dobroudja Agricultural Institute, BG-9520 General Toshevo, Bulgaria
2 Institute of Cryobiology and Food Technologies, BG-1407 Sofia, Bulgaria*
3 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Genetics, BG-1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

TSVETKOV, St. M., K. St. TSVETKOV, I. PETROVA, L. BELCHEVA, I. VASSILEVA and I. ILIEV, 2003. Saturn 1 – new durum wheat variety in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 9: 499–504

Saturn 1 is winter durum wheat, which was developed in Dobroudja Agricultural Institute near General Toshevo. It was created out of an F3-bulk population of winter x spring durum wheat from CIMMYT, Mexico. Systematically it belongs to the species Triticum turgidum L. conv. durum Desf. According to spike morphology, color of spike, grain and awns it refer to var. leucurum Al. Saturn 1 is a typical representative of the short-stemmed varieties of intensive type with plant height of 86.3 cm. It has mid – size too large and amber colored grains. Saturn 1 belongs to durum of γ-45 gliadin type and therefore has high gluten strength and very good pasta quality. Saturn 1 is a good achievement of Bulgarian breeding. According its suitable end-use quality for the pasta products in 1999 was approved as an original variety from the State Variety Testing Commission. Since 2000 Saturn 1 is the new quality standard in Bulgarian official variety testing as modern durum wheat of intensive type with strong gluten characteristics.

Key words: durum wheat, systematic affiliation, productivity, disease resistance, end use quality