Wheat Breeding as a Basis of Grain Production in Bulgaria

I. PANAYOTOV and T. RACHINSKI
Dobroudja Agricultural Institute, BG-9700 General Toshevo, Bulgaria

Abstract

PANAYOTOV, I. and T. RACHINSKI, 2001. Wheat breeding as a basis of grain production in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 7: 559-570

Bulgarian wheat breeding has a history of more than a century. In 1887 the first trials were conducted at Rousse and Sadovo stations. Real breeding started after 1962 with the First wheat breeding program. As a result from this program, a large number of wheat cultivars were released. In 1990 the country's average yields was 455 kg/dka and the total production was 5.35 million tons of wheat grain. In 1986 the Second wheat breeding program was formulated and a new generation of wheat cultivars appeared which possessed high productivity and grain quality.
This paper presents the materials and methods to be used in the future research work so that to achieve a new level of wheat breeding and production.

Key words: wheat, breeding, cultivars, productivity, heterosis