Urban Agriculture and Urban Planning in Bulgaria

P. MISHEV1 and A. YOVEVA2
1 University for National and World Economy, BG-1574 Sofia, Bulagria
2 Sustainable World Foundation, 16-20 Alabin Str., BG-1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

MISHEV, P. and A. YOVEVA, 2001. Urban agriculture and urban planning in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 7: 217-223

The article is based on some of the results of Soil and Water Management in Peri-urban and Urban Agriculture (UA) project operating in 5 CEE-countries. For Bulgaria are presented the findings from the case study of Trojan. During the transition decade the agriculture has functioned also as a social safety net for the poorer sections of society and now is associated not only with rural regions and villages but with cities. This raises new problems in urban development and planning as well as new policy recommendations for the agricultural development. The authors consider that UA needs improvement in two basic directions – development of specific urban rules and standards and improving the level of production and making it consistent with urban requirements. In the articles are proposed new specific rules for urban planning and development which would facilitate and enhance the farming in the yards without bringing ecological and health conflicts with the quality of life and the standards for urban environment.
When discussing possible policy measures for support of urban agriculture is considered that what distinguishes urban from rural agriculture is that urban agriculture is integrated in urban economic and ecological system. This allows the measures for its development to be followed on two levels – local and national and a specific measures on the both level are discussed in the article. The net result of proposed measures would be to establish urban farming as a legitimate and viable economic activity in many cities, compatible with the norms and requirements of urban life.

Key words: urban agriculture, urban planning, social safety, ecological conflicts, life quality