Changes in Quality of White Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) under Storage

K. MIHOV
Agricultural University, BG-4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Abstract

MIHOV, K., 2001. Changes in quality of white cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) under storage. Bulg J. Agric. Sci., 7: 427-434

The purpose of the present investigation was to some study white cabbage cultivars and hybrids with regard to the changes in quality of the produce after a four-month period of storage.
Eleven cultivars and hybrids of white cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L) grown after a technology of late field production were investigated. The following indices were studied: storability (standard produce and losses at the end of storage); content of dry matter, total nitrogen, total sugars, cellulose and vitamin C; general vital condition, colour, and taste. It was established that the preservation of white cabbage quality and the intensity of metabolism during the period of storage are specific for each of the tested cultivars and hybrids. The hybrids Erdeno F1, Menza F1, Quisto F1, Ramco F1 and Bislet F1 are suitable for storage under controlled atmosphere up to the end of March. They preserve their high biological value and they have specific taste qualities satisfying the requirements of the Bulgarian consumers.

Key words: White cabbage, cultivars, storage, storability, dry matter, total sugars, total nitrogen, cellulose, vitamin C, turgor, colour, taste