Efficiency and Competitiveness of Bulgarian Cereal Farms

D. KOPEVA1 and N. NOEV2
1 University of National and World Economy, Agribusiness Department, BG-1700 Sofia, Bulgaria
2 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Economics, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium

Abstract

KOPEVA, D. and N. NOEV, 2001. Efficiency and competitiveness of Bulgarian cereal farms. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 7: 229-242

After ten years of reforms, Bulgarian agriculture reached his "new start level" after which the problem of the efficiency came to the fore. The reforms in Bulgarian agriculture led to the establishment of completely new farm structures such as private family farms and establishment of new market rules. Several important questions were raised: To what extent the new established enterprises are efficient and competitive? Which are the main factors influencing their development and market positions? How the existing problems in the field of the optimal allocation and usage of resources could be overcome? How their efficiency could be improved? The ongoing negotiations for integration with the EU more strongly influence the problem of the productive and technical efficiency as well as the competitiveness of Bulgarian farms. The paper estimates how efficient are the Bulgarian cereal farms and gives proposals and conclusions that should be taken into account in the applied agricultural policy in Bulgaria in the view of the EU enlargement.

Key words: cereal farms, efficiency, competitiveness, Bulgarian agriculture, reforms, market positions, European Union