Organic Farming: Back to the Past or the Solution for a Sustainable Agriculture? Chance and Challenge for the Bulgarian Agriculture!

Prof. dr. h. c. dr. ir. L. CARLIER
Department Crop Husbandry and Ecophysiology, Burg. Van Gansberghelaan, 109, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium

Abstract

CARLIER, L., 2001. Organic farming: back to the past or the solution for a sustainable agriculture? Chance and challenge for the Bulgarian agriculture! Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 7: 1-5

In the regulation 2092/91 the Council of the European Union describes the frame for the organic production method of agricultural products and in the regulation 1804/1999 it gives an adaptation for the animal production. These regulations have to be implemented in the national legislation of the member states of the EU, according to the community acquis.
The use of mineral fertilisers, e.g. ammonia nitrate, is not allowed.
Genetic modification of organisms is critisised and the use of GMOs or derived products in organic farming is forbidden.
The European Commission recently decided to promote and support organic farming (regulation 1257/1999) to reach 5 % of the total agricultural area in 2005-2006. The Flemish Government is ready to support organic farming with a yearly subsidy of 3.23 million EURO.
In the SAPARD programme of the EU, special attention is given to support organic farming in the Central and Eastern-European countries. Bulgaria will receive yearly 52 million EURO from this programme during 6 years. A big chance but also challenge for the Bulgarian agriculture!

Key words: organic farming, Bulgarian agriculture, sustainable agriculture