Production and Composition of Milk from Three Breeds of Buffaloes in Shoumen Region

M. TZANKOVA and N. PETROVA1

Buffalo Research Institute with Biotechnology Centre, BG-9700 Shoumen, Bulgaria
1Research Institute of Animal Science, BG-2232 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria

Abstract

TZANKOVA, M. and N. PETROVA, 2000. Production and composition of milk from three breeds of buffaloes in Shoumen region. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 6: 103-106

A study was carried out to establish milk production and composition of the 47 lactating buffaloes from different dairy breed (Murrah 10 numbers, Bulgarian Murrah (Back cross F3 and F4) 31 numbers and Bulgarian Buffalo x Murrah (Back cross F2) 6 numbers, respectively).
Individual milk samples of buffaloes were taken three times in mid-lactation at monthly intervals over a period from May to July 1999.
Investigated Bulgarian Murrah Buffalo lactating animals have higher daily milk production at 7.0% fat corrected milk (7.0% FCM) (4.89 l), compared with the Murrah (3.57 l) and Bulgarian Buffalo x Murrah (3.23 l) and at 4.0% protein corrected milk (4.0% PCM) 5.67 l, 4.19 l and 4.26 l respectively.
Mean values for fat (% ), protein (%), lactose (%) freezing point (0C), total solids (%), solids non fat (%) and somatic cell /ml for Bulgarian Murrah, Murrah and Bulgarian Buffalo x Murrah were 6.01, 6.5 and 5.32; 3.98, 4.39 and 4.01; 4.77, 4.47 and 4.44; -0.614, -0.639 and -0.593; 15.98, 16.42 and 16.05; 9.94, 9.90 and 9.65; 378 000, 1 242 000 and 1 774 000 respectively.

Key words: buffalo milk, production, composition