Assessment of the Economic Situation of the Farmers in Bulgaria

O. BOIUKLIEV, R. POPOV and A. SIMOVA

Institute of Agricultural Economics, BG-1603 Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

BOIUKLIEV, O., R. POPOV and A. SIMOVA, 1999. Assessment of the economic situation of farmers in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 5: 949-956

The article presents the results of a survey, carried out in three municipalities in Bulgaria. The aim is to investigate the main problems, facing the sector in the 1990-ies. The chosen municipalities are typical agricultural regions in north-west, extreme north-east and south of the country. More than 65% of the active population in them is engaged in agriculture if subsistence farming is taken into account. The interviews showed that farmers are facing two major problems: lack of demand for their produce on the domestic and international markets and shortage of operating and investment capital.
For some of the indicated problems initiatives are underway on a national level probing for the best way to ease the conditions for the development of farming. We have found local administrators and the surveyed farmers ready to give their contribution on identifying the major impediments.

Key words: purchase prices, co-operatives, family farms, farming companies