Modern Livestock Family Farms

B. KHODANOVITCH1, D. DINEV2 and T. ATANASSOVA2

1 Siedlice University, Poland
2 Thracian University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

Abstract

KHODANOVITCH, B., D. DINEV and T. ATANASSOVA, 1999. Modern livestock family farms. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 5: 923-926

The farm buildings in Poland, Bulgaria and Russia will follow, even though with some delay, the general European trends: increasing care about economic efficiency of the family farms and environment requirements. However, in the future development the local conditions and the human factor should always be taken into consideration.
There is an increasing call for animal and environment-friendly husbandry methods. Dairy cattle housing systems are defined nowadays as the best possible combination for the farm of housing, manure removal, feeding and milk production facilities. The result of this has been a clear improvement in working conditions, working time savings and an associated cost saving. Tethered stalls with thermal insulation and stone walls are replaced by simple construction of loose housing shed without insulation, round timber structure, and a high proportion of itself-construction. Consideration must be paid not only to individual farm with its buildings and structures, but also to the interaction of the farm sites normally located in villages with their developed environment.

Key words: family farms, farm building, reconstruction