Comparative Analysis of the Process of Transition in the Agricultural Sector of Selected Central and Eastern European Countries. The KATO Research Project

KONRAD HAGEDORN and VOLKER BECKMANN

Humboldt University of Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Chair of Resource Economics, Luisenstraße 56, D-10099 Berlin, Germany

Abstract

HAGEDORN, K. and V. BECKMANN, 1999. Comparative analysis of the process of transition in the agricultural sector of selected Central and Eastern European Countries. The KATO research project. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 5:254-265

The transition process of agriculture is undoubtedly very complex. Nevertheless, it is necessary to concentrate the research on the most important issues. The KATO project, therefore, focuses on three main aspects of transition in the agrarian sector of Central and Eastern Europe, namely the policies of liberalization, privatization and restructuring. It is argued that this three aspects are the core of the transition problem in the agricultural sector.
Although many countries are involved in the transition process, every country seems to be unique to some extent. Therefore, a comparative viewpoint must take into account the trade-off between analyzing many countries and taking the uniqueness of every country into consideration. The KATO project decided to include only three countries in the analysis, namely Poland, the Czech Republic and Bulgaria. These countries are very unique with respect to the transition of the agricultural sector in economic, political and social terms, and the question has to be posed what the common elements of the transition processes in these countries are.

Key words: transition in the agricultural sector, KATO Research Project, Central Europe, Eastern Europe